By H.-J. Fahr, K. Scherer
The 11th COSPAR colloquium The Outer Heliosphere: the following Frontiers used to be held in Potsdam, Germany, from 24-28 July, 2000, and is the second one devoted to this topic after the 1st one held in Warsaw, Poland in 1989.
Roughly a century has handed after the 1st principles via Oliver resort, George Francis Fitzgerald and Kristan Birkeland approximately particle clouds emanating from the sunlight and interacting with the Earth surroundings. just a couple of many years after the formula of the ideas of a continual sun corpuscular radiation through Ludwig Bierman and a sun wind by means of Eugene Parker, heliospheric physics has developed into a huge department of astrophysical study. a variety of spacecraft missions have elevated the information in regards to the heliosphere drastically. Now, firstly of a brand new millenium it kind of feels attainable, via newly constructed propulasion applied sciences to ship a spacecraft past the bounds of the heliosphere. Such an Interstellar Proce will commence the in-situ exploration of interstellar area and, therefore, should be regarded as the 1st precise astrophysical spacecraft. The yr 2000 looked to be a hugely welcome occassion to check the achievements because the final COSPAR Colloquia eleven years in the past, to summarize the current advancements and to provide new impulse for destiny actions in heliospheric research.
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