By Rodney Stark
Many books were written concerning the good fortune of the West, studying why Europe used to be capable of pull sooner than the remainder of the realm by means of the top of the center a while. the most typical reasons cite the West’s enhanced geography, trade, and know-how. thoroughly missed is the truth that religion in cause, rooted in Christianity’s dedication to rational theology, made a lot of these advancements attainable. easily placed, the traditional knowledge that Western luck depended upon overcoming spiritual obstacles to growth is utter nonsense.
In The Victory of Reason, Rodney Stark advances a innovative, arguable, and lengthy late thought: that Christianity and its comparable associations are, in reality, at once accountable for the main major highbrow, political, clinical, and monetary breakthroughs of the prior millennium.
In Stark’s view, what has propelled the West isn't the rigidity among secular and nonsecular society, nor the pitting of technology and the arts opposed to spiritual trust. Christian theology, Stark asserts, is the very font of cause: whereas the world’s different nice trust structures emphasised secret, obedience, or introspection, Christianity by myself embraced common sense and cause because the direction towards enlightenment, freedom, and development. that's what made the entire difference.
In explaining the West’s dominance, Stark convincingly debunks long-accepted “truths.” for example, by way of contending that capitalism thrived centuries prior to there has been a Protestant paintings ethic–or even Protestants–he counters the concept that the Protestant paintings ethic used to be answerable for kicking capitalism into overdrive. within the 5th century, Stark notes, Saint Augustine celebrated theological and fabric development and the establishment of “exuberant invention.” against this, lengthy prior to Augustine, Aristotle had condemned advertisement exchange as “inconsistent with human virtue”–which is helping extra underscore that Augustine’s occasions weren't the darkish a long time however the incubator for the West’s destiny glories.
This is a sweeping, multifaceted survey that takes readers from the previous international to the hot, from the prior to the current, overturning alongside the way in which not just centuries of prejudiced scholarship however the antireligious bias of our personal time. The Victory of Reason proves that what we such a lot appreciate approximately our world–scientific development, democratic rule, loose commerce–is principally as a result of Christianity, by which we're all inheritors of this grand tradition.
From the Hardcover edition.