By Andrew Louth
The Byzantine Empire - the Christianized Roman Empire - very quickly outlined itself by way of right theological trust, 'orthodoxy'. The phrases of this trust have been hammered out, for the main half, by way of bishops, yet doctrinal judgements have been made in councils known as by means of the Emperors, a lot of whom concerned themselves at once within the definition of 'orthodoxy'. Iconoclasm was once an instance of such imperial involvement, as used to be the ultimate overthrow of iconoclasm. That controversy ensured that questions of Christian paintings have been additionally noticeable by way of Byzantines as implicated within the query of orthodoxy. The papers collected during this quantity derive from these provided on the thirty sixth Spring Symposium of Byzantine reviews, Durham, March 2002. They speak about how orthodoxy was once outlined, and different pursuits that it represented; how orthodoxy used to be expressed in artwork and the tune of the liturgy; and the way orthodoxy contributed to shaping the Byzantine Empire's feel of its personal identification, an identification outlined opposed to the 'other' - Jews, heretics and, particularly from the flip of the 1st millennium, the Latin West. those concerns elevate wider questions about the way societies and teams use world-views and problems with trust to specific and articulate identification. At a time while, with the growth of the eu Union, questions of identification inside of Europe are once more turning into urgent, there's a lot in those essays of topical relevance.
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